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Question
Biology
Posted 2 months ago
Certain animals, such as the kangaroo and the cat, are well known for their jumping abilities. What would you hypothesize about the biomechanical characteristics of their muscles?
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Answer from Sia
Posted 2 months ago
Answer
Animals known for their jumping abilities, such as kangaroos and cats, likely have specialized biomechanical characteristics in their muscles that enable these impressive feats.
Solution
a
High proportion of fast-twitch muscle fibers: These fibers contract quickly and are essential for rapid, powerful movements like jumping
b
Efficient energy storage and release: The muscles and tendons of these animals are adapted to store energy elastically during the landing phase and release it quickly during the take-off phase, enhancing their jumping ability
c
Muscle-tendon architecture: The specific arrangement of muscles and tendons in these animals likely maximizes leverage and force production for jumping
Key Concept
Biomechanical specialization in muscle and tendon structure
Explanation
The biomechanical characteristics of muscles in animals with exceptional jumping abilities include a high proportion of fast-twitch fibers, efficient energy storage and release mechanisms, and specialized muscle-tendon architecture.

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