Question

Math

Posted 6 months ago

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Consider the following two prisms.
Sandra tried to use Cavalieri's principle to show that the two figures have the same volume.
"The base areas are the same. Therefore, corresponding crosssections have the same area. The prisms have the same height. So the volumes must be the same."
What is the first mistake Sandra made?
Choose 1 answer:
(A) The base areas are not the same.
(B) It isn't true that corresponding cross-sections have the same area.
(C) The heights are not the same.
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Answer from Sia

Posted 6 months ago

Solution by Steps

step 2

The volume of the first prism with base 6, height 7, and length 14 is calculated as: $V_1 = \frac{1}{2} \cdot \text{base} \cdot \text{height} \cdot \text{length} = \frac{1}{2} \cdot 6 \cdot 7 \cdot 14 = 294$

step 3

The volume of the second prism with base 5, height 8, and length 15 is calculated as: $V_2 = \frac{1}{2} \cdot \text{base} \cdot \text{height} \cdot \text{length} = \frac{1}{2} \cdot 5 \cdot 8 \cdot 15 = 300$

step 4

Compare the volumes of the two prisms to identify the first mistake Sandra made

[question number] Answer

A

Key Concept

Cavalieri's Principle and Volume Calculation

Explanation

Cavalieri's Principle states that if two solids have the same height and the same cross-sectional area at every level, then they have the same volume. Sandra's first mistake was assuming that the base areas of the two prisms are the same, which is not true as shown by the different volumes calculated.

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