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World History
Posted 3 months ago
Discuss the important changes that took place in the Neolithic period.(c.10,000-12,000 years ago)
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Posted 3 months ago
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#(a)# 
The Neolithic period, also known as the New Stone Age, was a time of significant transformation in human history, marking the end of the Paleolithic era. One of the most important changes was the development of agriculture. Humans began to domesticate plants and animals, which allowed for the establishment of permanent settlements.


#(b)# 
This shift from a nomadic lifestyle to settled farming communities led to population growth and the development of complex societies. With agriculture, people could produce surplus food, which supported larger populations and led to the division of labor.


#(c)# 
Another change was the advancement in tool-making techniques. Neolithic people made polished stone tools, which were more efficient than the earlier rough tools of the Paleolithic era. They also developed new technologies such as pottery for storing surplus food and weaving for making clothes.


#(d)# 
The establishment of permanent settlements during the Neolithic period also led to the development of social structures and the accumulation of wealth, which in turn gave rise to social stratification and sometimes to unequal distribution of resources.


#(e)# 
Additionally, the Neolithic period saw the beginnings of construction of monumental architecture and religious structures, indicating the development of complex belief systems and rituals.
Answer
The Neolithic period was characterized by the transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture, leading to permanent settlements, population growth, the development of complex societies, advancements in tool-making, the beginnings of social stratification, and the construction of monumental architecture and religious structures.
Key Concept
Neolithic Revolution
Explanation
The Neolithic Revolution refers to the significant social, economic, and technological changes that occurred when humans adopted agriculture and settled lifestyles, leading to the rise of civilization.

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