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Question
World History
Posted 2 months ago
How can there be a rock with Greek and Hieroglyphs on a rock? How did the people that wrote in hieroglyphics know greek?
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Answer from Sia
Posted 2 months ago
Answer
The rock you are referring to is likely the Rosetta Stone, which features the same text written in Greek, Demotic, and Hieroglyphs. The people who wrote in hieroglyphics knew Greek because of the Hellenistic influence in Egypt following the conquests of Alexander the Great and the subsequent Ptolemaic dynasty.
Key Concept
Cultural and linguistic exchange during the Hellenistic period
Explanation
After Alexander the Great conquered Egypt in 332 BCE, Greek became the language of the ruling class and administration. The Ptolemaic dynasty, which was of Greek origin, ruled Egypt from 305 BCE until the Roman conquest in 30 BCE. During this time, Greek culture and language permeated Egyptian society, leading to a bilingual environment in which many Egyptians, especially those involved in government or trade, would have learned Greek. The Rosetta Stone was created during this period of cultural exchange, which is why it features inscriptions in both Greek and Egyptian hieroglyphics. Its discovery in 1799 provided the key to deciphering Egyptian hieroglyphs.

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