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Question
World History
Posted 3 months ago
Which of the following best describes how power and wealth were
redistributed after the Second World War
О
O
The United States emerged as the only superpower, while countries in Europe and
Asia struggled to recover from devastation and hunger
.
The United Nations emerged as the only superpower, while countries in Europe and
Asia struggled to recover from devastation and
hunger.
The United States returned to isolationism, while the U.S.S.R. emerged as the only
superpower.
China, the United States and the permanent members of the United Nations forged
the coalition that eventually defeated the U.S.S.R.
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Answer from Sia
Posted 3 months ago
Here is your solution:

#(a)# 
After the Second World War, the global balance of power shifted significantly. The United States and the Soviet Union emerged as the two primary superpowers, entering a period known as the Cold War. The United States did not return to isolationism but rather took on a leading role in international affairs, promoting democracy and capitalism, and engaging in various alliances such as NATO. The Soviet Union, promoting communism, became the other superpower, leading to a bipolar world order. Europe and Asia, particularly countries that had been battlegrounds during the war, faced significant devastation and had to rebuild their economies and infrastructure.


#(b)# 
The United Nations was established to promote international cooperation and prevent future conflicts, but it did not emerge as a superpower. Instead, it served as a forum for diplomacy and discussion. The idea that the United Nations, China, the United States, and other permanent members formed a coalition to defeat the USSR is historically inaccurate, as the USSR dissolved in 1991 due to internal pressures and the broader geopolitical shifts, not because of a military defeat by a coalition.
Answer
The United States emerged as the only superpower, while countries in Europe and Asia struggled to recover from devastation and hunger.
Key Concept
Post-World War II power redistribution and the emergence of the Cold War bipolar world order.
Explanation
The redistribution of power after World War II led to the United States and the Soviet Union becoming superpowers, with Europe and Asia rebuilding in the aftermath of the war.

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