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Question
Biology
Posted 2 months ago
Why are there so few top level predators
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Answer from Sia
Posted 2 months ago
Answer
Top-level predators are limited by energy availability and trophic dynamics.
Solution
a
Trophic levels: Energy is lost at each trophic level due to the second law of thermodynamics
b
Biomass accumulation: Less biomass is available for organisms higher up in the food chain
c
Reproductive rate: Top-level predators often have lower reproductive rates, which limits their population size
Key Concept
Trophic level energy transfer
Explanation
The number of top-level predators is limited because energy transfer through trophic levels is inefficient, leading to less energy and biomass available for these organisms. Additionally, their lower reproductive rates contribute to their limited numbers.

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