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World History
Posted 2 months ago
terrance mckenna and others write that agriculture signaled the beginning of the end for a relationship in tandem with nature. How did the development of agriculture hurt civilization?
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Answer from Sia
Posted 2 months ago
Answer
The development of agriculture marked a significant shift in human history, often referred to as the Neolithic Revolution. While it brought about numerous advancements, it also had several detrimental effects on civilization.
Key Concept
The Neolithic Revolution and its impact on human societies
Explanation
The transition from a hunter-gatherer lifestyle to settled agricultural communities had profound consequences. Firstly, it led to environmental degradation as forests were cleared for farming, and soil was exhausted through continuous cultivation. Secondly, the reliance on a limited number of crops made societies vulnerable to famine if those crops failed. Thirdly, the establishment of permanent settlements and surplus food production led to social stratification, with the emergence of distinct social classes and increased inequality. Additionally, the close proximity of humans and domesticated animals facilitated the spread of diseases. Finally, the shift to agriculture often resulted in a more labor-intensive lifestyle, which some argue reduced the overall quality of life compared to the more varied and less labor-intensive hunter-gatherer existence.

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