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Question
Biology
Posted 3 months ago
Competent bacteria are those in a state able to undergo:
genetic exchange
transduction
conjugation
transformation
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Answer from Sia
Posted 3 months ago
Answer
Competent bacteria are those in a state able to undergo genetic exchange, transduction, conjugation, and transformation.
Solution
a
Genetic exchange : Competent bacteria can exchange genetic material with other bacteria, which can include plasmids or chromosomal DNA fragments
b
Transduction : Competent bacteria can receive genetic material through viruses (bacteriophages) that transfer DNA between bacteria
c
Conjugation : Competent bacteria can form a direct connection with another bacterium to transfer genetic material, typically plasmids
d
Transformation : Competent bacteria can take up free DNA fragments from their environment and incorporate them into their own genome
Key Concept
Competence in bacteria
Explanation
Competence refers to the ability of bacteria to take up external genetic material from their environment, which can occur through various mechanisms such as transformation, transduction, and conjugation.

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