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Question
World History
Posted 3 months ago
The basis for the landmark civil rights legislation in the 1960s was the idea that congress could regulate discrimination because:____________?
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Answer from Sia
Posted 3 months ago
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#(a)# 
The basis for the landmark civil rights legislation in the 1960s, particularly the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, was the idea that Congress could regulate discrimination based on its power to regulate interstate commerce as well as its duty to guarantee all citizens equal protection of the laws under the Fourteenth Amendment. The Commerce Clause, found in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution, gave Congress the authority to regulate commerce among the states. This was interpreted to include the power to legislate against discriminatory practices in businesses that served the public, such as hotels and restaurants, which could affect interstate commerce.


#(b)# 
Additionally, the Civil Rights Act was also justified under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, which prohibits states from denying any person within their jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. This was a significant basis for the legislation, as it provided a constitutional grounding for Congress to enact laws ensuring that all individuals, regardless of race, had equal access to public facilities, employment, and education.
Answer
The basis for the landmark civil rights legislation in the 1960s was the idea that Congress could regulate discrimination because it had the power to regulate interstate commerce and the duty to ensure equal protection under the Fourteenth Amendment.
Key Concept
The Commerce Clause and the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment
Explanation
These constitutional provisions provided the legal justification for Congress to pass civil rights legislation aimed at ending discrimination.

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