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World History
Posted 3 months ago
Why did McKinley believe that American imperialism in the Philippines was justified?
1) To spread American values and civilization
2) To establish a strategic military presence in the Pacific
3) To gain access to Philippine natural resources
4) To protect American economic interests in Asia
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Answer from Sia
Posted 3 months ago
Here is your solution:

#(a)# 
President William McKinley believed that American imperialism in the Philippines was justified for several reasons. One of the primary reasons was the desire to spread American values and civilization. McKinley and other proponents of imperialism believed that the United States had a moral obligation to uplift and civilize other nations, which was a sentiment rooted in the cultural and racial ideologies of the time, often referred to as the "White Man's Burden."


#(b)# 
Another reason was the strategic military value of the Philippines. The islands were seen as a gateway to Asia and an important location for naval bases that would allow the United States to project its power into the Pacific and protect its interests in Asia. This was particularly significant during a time when European powers were also establishing colonies and spheres of influence in the region.


#(c)# 
Access to Philippine natural resources was also a factor in justifying imperialism. The Philippines were rich in resources that could be exploited for economic gain. The United States was interested in tapping into these resources to fuel its growing economy and industrial capacity.


#(d)# 
Lastly, protecting American economic interests in Asia was a crucial motive. The United States was looking to expand its markets for trade, and having a presence in the Philippines would allow American businesses to take advantage of new opportunities in China and the surrounding areas. The Open Door Policy in China, which advocated for equal trading rights for all foreign nations, was part of this broader strategy to ensure American economic interests were safeguarded.
Answer
President McKinley believed that American imperialism in the Philippines was justified to spread American values and civilization, establish a strategic military presence in the Pacific, gain access to Philippine natural resources, and protect American economic interests in Asia.
Key Concept
American Imperialism in the Philippines
Explanation
McKinley's justification for imperialism in the Philippines was influenced by a mix of cultural ideologies, strategic military considerations, economic interests, and the desire to compete with other imperial powers.

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